What Are the Common Health Problems in Infants? | Some people use the terms ‘baby’ and ‘infant’ interchangeably, but if you ask a pediatrician or growth and development expert, they’ll tell you that there are differences between the two.
While ‘baby’ can mean any child from birth to 4 years old, infants refer to those aged 0 (birth) to 1-year-old. Meanwhile, newborns are babies from birth to 2 months old, while toddlers are children aged 1 to 4.
Now, if you have an infant or are preparing for your baby’s arrival, you might be worried about illnesses that affect very young children. Here, we’ll discuss some common health problems for newborns and infants.
Taking care of a baby who cries nonstop can be pretty nerve-wracking. When the reason is unknown, the condition is called colic.
As one of the most common newborn problems, colic often starts two weeks after birth, but it should ease up as babies enter their third month. However, if your 3-month-old baby keeps crying, it’s best to consult your pediatrician.
Perhaps your little one has an underlying condition like lactose intolerance. Besides recommending smaller, more frequent feedings, your child’s doctor could prescribe medication or change your baby’s formula.
Cold and Flu
Because their immune systems are still developing, infants are more vulnerable to infectious illnesses. Up until their first birthday, babies can have several colds.
Before you give cold medicine to your infant, though, be sure you’ve consulted your pediatrician. For colds and flu, it’s always best to bring your baby to a doctor, as these conditions can quickly develop into pneumonia.
Constipation, diarrhea, and other tummy issues are also common infant problems.
If your baby has a hard time passing stool, your doctor may prescribe suppositories. As for diarrhea, treat it like a cold or flu.
That means see your pediatrician right away. The last thing you want is for your little one to become dehydrated.
Diaper rash and cradle cap are some childhood illnesses you have to watch out for, even if these conditions seem harmless. While there’s no need to check with your baby’s doctor every time they have a diaper rash, you can take steps to prevent them from recurring.
These include changing diapers often, using a good diaper rash cream, or switching to organic nappies. For cradle cap, it should resolve within a few months, so don’t worry too much about it.
Another benign skin problem that could happen to your baby is a hemangioma. You can learn more about various types of hemangiomas online, but the essential thing to remember is they’ll go away in time. Treatment is only needed for hemangiomas that affect seeing, breathing, and other functions.
Worrying About Common Health Problems in Infants Is Normal
Taking care of a child is hard work, but learning about common health problems in newborns, infants, and toddlers can help a lot.
Of course, don’t forget to consult your pediatrician. After all, no amount of online searching can equal professional medical advice.
For more parenting tips and advice, you may check our other articles.