ExecutiveChronicles.com | Can I Make My Own Dwarf Trees? | If you don’t have a large yard but would still like to beautify it with the addition of trees, then dwarf trees are the solution for you. Dwarf trees are trees that have been artificially kept to a smaller size than is normal for a species. There are some instances where dwarf trees grow naturally, such as is in an area where only low-growing varieties of that species can survive. There are also some trees that only grow to a small size to begin with, such as these dwarf evergreen trees that you can add to your yard.
Otherwise, you can manipulate the growing environment in your yard to help ensure the trees you plant become dwarf trees. However, before you simply pick any tree and hope that you can make it into a dwarf tree, it’s recommended that you seek the advice of a professional arborist, such as us here at Mr. Tree. We know which trees will grow to what height and under which conditions and can easily advise you as to which will grow best in your garden.
For instance, the full-size Fullmoon maple tree can grow to a height of 30 feet. Its dwarf size grows only to 10 feet, which is a big difference but can still be a bit too big for some yards. It’s important you know the size of your yard and the size that your dwarf tree can potentially grow to before you begin planting.
Limit the Root Space
In most cases, the root system of a tree is quite shallow, but it’s widespread. As the roots are how the tree absorbs its water and nutrients from the soil, this has a big impact on the growth of the tree. By limiting the root space, you can limit the amount of water and nutrients that the tree can absorb. Just as humans need food to grow tall and strong, so do trees. Think of this as a “diet” for the tree. As roots are also where carbohydrates for the tree are stored, if there’s less root space, then there is also less food storage.
Be Sure to Prune
Tree pruning is extremely important to any tree, but it’s especially important when it comes to dwarf trees. Pruning your tree not only removes dangerous branches and helps in fruit production, but pruning also impacts the growth of your tree. Pruning keeps the tree from getting too large. Regularly pruning will help you maintain the height and width of the tree you would like.
Plus, pruning helps increase the strength of the tree and the overall health, meaning it will be sturdier. This way, even though the root system isn’t as widespread as in a normal size tree, the dwarf tree will still have a strong foundation, making sure that it won’t fall over during a wind storm and potentially cause harm.
Learn the Tree’s Growth Habits
As we mentioned above, it is important to know the average height for your tree to make sure you can take proper care of it and not have any surprises when it comes to its height. But it’s also important to know the growth habits of your trees. This means knowing the amount of time it will take a tree to reach its full height. In terms of growing dwarf trees, you want a tree with a relatively slow growth rate. The reason you want a slow-growing tree is that you don’t want a tree that can quickly take over your limited yard space, as this can look and feel cramped. You also want to avoid a tree that will quickly outgrow your preferred size before you have a chance to prune the branches.
Know What Type of Tree You Want
There are several different types of dwarf trees that you can choose from to plant in your yard. These varieties include flowering dwarf trees, edible fruit trees, basic foliage trees, and evergreens (as we mentioned above).
If you’re looking to not only add beauty to your yard but to have homegrown fruit as well, then a dwarf fruit tree is the one for you. Figs and avocado trees are quite popular, as they can be hard to find fresh in stores or have a high price tag. One important thing to note is that despite the fruit being grown on a dwarf tree, that does not mean you will have smaller-sized fruit. The fruit the dwarf tree produces will remain the same size as if it came from a regular-sized tree. The only difference is that the dwarf tree won’t produce as much fruit.
However, if you simply want a flowering dwarf tree that will be sure to draw attention to your yard, dogwood trees are a good choice, as they have white, pink, yellow, or purple flowers that bloom from early spring to late summer. So are crepe myrtles, which will bloom bright pink, red, or purple flowers. Japanese and fullmoon maples are also popular choices when it comes to dwarf trees. Even though these two species don’t flower, they have eye-catching leaves that will add the beauty you’re looking for.
In short, it’s possible to make your own dwarf trees—you just need to know what you’re doing. Be sure to evaluate the space in your yard, decide which species you want, and properly plant and prune the tree. If you’re concerned that you’re not doing it right, call in a professional like Mr. Tree. We can prune and take care of your trees for you and make sure your dwarf tree is healthy and doesn’t grow higher than the height you want it to be. If your yard is on the smaller size, a dwarf tree is for you.