5 Types of Birth Injuries And Ways To Prevent It

5 Types of Birth Injuries And Ways To Prevent It

5 Types of Birth Injuries And Ways To Prevent It | Mothers spend eight to nine months waiting for their little ones to arrive. Their only wish during this time is that their child is healthy and the process finishes smoothly. While some hitches during the pregnancy are normal, severe health issues and abnormalities can be a tell-tale sign of something worse for the child. Usually, the worse takes shape in birth injuries before the delivery, during the childbirth process, or after.

Sometimes during the pregnancy or childbirth process, a child can suffer from different physical injuries. Typically, a birth injury occurs due to the abnormal position of the fetus or its size. But birth injuries can also occur due to the mother’s health, different abnormalities, or medical malpractice.

A few of the causes which are associated with birth injuries are:

    • Size of the fetus: If the fetus is too large or too small, it is more susceptible to birth injuries.
    • Premature delivery: Premature deliveries are the leading cause of birth injuries as the fetus is not fully developed yet. Premature babies are more susceptible to brain damage because of their underdeveloped skull and brain and other problems because of underdeveloped organs. Moreover, their bodies are very fragile, which can cause more birth injuries during the delivery process.
    • Cephalopelvic disproportion: If the shape and size of the pelvis are not suitable enough for childbirth, the increased pressure can cause birth injuries.


  • Difficult labor or childbirth
  • Prolonged labor
  • Abnormal maternal weight gain or loss 


  • Abnormal birthing direction

These are the leading causes of birth injuries. However, if you suspect that the birth injury your child faced is due to medical negligence, then you must contact the best birth injury lawyer available. Now that we have discussed the causes of birth injury, let us discuss the common types of birth injuries.

  • Brachial Palsy 

Brachial palsy occurs when the nerve group responsible for supplying the arms and hands faces damage. This type of birth injury typically occurs when the medical professional faces issues delivering the child’s shoulders, which is known as dystocia. Due to this injury, a child can lose their ability to move freely, rotate, and flex their arm and hands.

If the injury is simply causing bruising and swelling, then it should subside in a few months, and the infant should be able to move its arms again. However, if the nerve tears or faces, it can lead to a permanent disability. Some physiotherapy can help the child maintain their range of motion as the arm heals in any other case.

  • Cerebral Palsy 

A group of disorders that affect the motor skills of a child is known as cerebral palsy. These disorders can cause movement issues and problems with a child’s posture, manner of walking, movements, and coordination, etc. While the symptoms of cerebral palsy differ in each person, they can still get better or worse over time. However, medical support systems can diagnose such cases and help children improve their motor skills.

The primary cause of cerebral palsy is the damage to the fetus’s brain before or during childbirth. Hence, many factors can cause brain damage, including infections, hemorrhage, head trauma during childbirth or infancy, lack of oxygen, mercury poisoning, etc.

  • Facial Paralysis 

The pressure on the baby’s head and face during the labor and childbirth process can cause injuries to nerves. Apart from that, they also happen when the medical professional uses forceps during childbirth. You can see these injuries when the child cries in the form of indentions and lack of movement. If there is a simple bruise and swelling, then the injury improves over a few weeks. However, if a nurse is damaged, then your child will need surgery.

  • Fractures 

Fractures are another common birth injury that often happens due to cervical issues, size of the baby, or premature deliveries. Fracture in the collarbone is one of the most common types of fractures that occur during childbirth. A baby who has a fractured collarbone will not move their arm on the side of the fracture. However, such fractures heal quickly with full recovery. If the fracture is painful to the baby, a bandage with a splint suffices.

  • Cephalohematoma 

Cephalohematoma is the area between the fibrous covering of the skull and the skull bone and the bleeding between them. The most evident symptom of this bleeding is a raised lump on the head. However, the body has the ability to absorb the bleeding and heal over the course of a few months. But if the bleeding is to a bigger extent, some babies can get jaundice.


Whether a fetus or a child, the parents and medical professionals must deal with them with utmost care. Any prenatal negligence or negligence during labor and childbirth can cause injuries. While most injuries have some solution and heal in a few months, some can cause permanent disabilities. In case of birth injury, you must seek medical attention for your baby as soon as possible so that their treatment can lessen the damage or help them heal completely.


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