5 Major Causes of Female Infertility | Is it becoming difficult for you and your partner to conceive even after multiple trials? Out of all other conditions that pop up in our minds, it is quite likely that one of the partners is suffering from infertility.
Getting pregnant is no doubt the major thing, but according to the top gynecologists in lahore to carry out a full pregnancy is much more crucial. A number of things might go wrong while going through these processes.
Researchers state that a couple is considered to be infertile if they fail to conceive after trying for almost a year. It is also seen in some cases that the woman is unable to take the pregnancy till the end.
With that being said, miscarriages and not being able to carry a child till birth doesn’t come under infertility.
Types of Infertility in Female
Infertility could be primary or secondary.
- Primary Infertility:
It occurs when a woman has never been pregnant before and is unable to conceive even after one year of trying.
- Secondary Infertility:
This usually occurs when a woman is unable to get pregnant even after having a successful pregnancy.
Here is a list of 5 Major Causes that Lead to Infertility
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS):
Researchers say that PCOS is the most common cause of infertility. A condition in which a woman’s body produces abnormal amounts of androgens (a hormone that plays a major role in the male reproductive system). In this condition, fluid-filled sacs develop within the ovaries, as androgen interferes with the development of ovarian follicles and the release of the eggs during ovulation.
It occurs when the cells that should be present in the uterine cavity are present outside of the uterus. A link has been found between endometriosis and infertility. Recent studies have revealed that the fluid in the peritoneum often increases in women having endometriosis. This fluid affects the eggs, fallopian tubes and the sperm, hence plays a major role in causing infertility.
- Autoimmune disorders:
Autoimmune disorders occur when the human body’s immune system starts to attack normal tissues, which it usually ignores. The connection between autoimmune disorders and infertility is still not fully understood. But a strong involvement of the medicine taken for the cure of diseases has been seen. Patients with autoimmune disorders who are on medication are more likely to have placenta and uterus inflammation, which eventually affects fertility.
- Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI):
This condition usually occurs at a young age, when a woman’s ovaries stop producing eggs and hormones. Irregular ovulation is observed in women with POI. Women suffering from this condition usually have difficulty getting pregnant because of the abnormal levels of ovarian and pituitary hormones in their body
- Uterine Fibroids:
These are noncancerous growths that occur in the uterus for no definite reason. Fibroids don’t always affect fertility, but there are a few cases in which they have a direct impact on it i.e. if fibroids change the shape of the cervix, uterus or fallopian tubes or it interferes with the blood flowing toward the uterus.
Summing it up
Healthcare providers should do a keen assessment in order to investigate and diagnose the reason behind infertility. Keeping in mind the sensitivity of such topics and the dominant emotional side of the female gender, it is very important to discuss such issues with the involvement of consent and respect.